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SKIN TYPE II
Characteristics
Blue eyes
light or fair skin
Skin burns
Skin tans bit
Sun exposure causes serious damage to the skin including premature ageing
People with this skin type are at greater risk to skin cancers like squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and Melanoma, the deadliest of all
 
Best skin practices
Avoid sun to minimize damage
Especially, avoid sun during the peak hours, that is, 10 am to 4 pm
Use a high SPF 30 sunscreen. Apply twice in the day
Always seek shade. When in sun, use SPF 50 sunscreen. Apply once every 2 hours
Take extreme care to avoid UV rays by using sunscreen
Always wear sunglasses, brimmed hats and other protective gear
Use titanium dioxide or zinc oxide to protect against both UVA and UVB rays
Use oral supplements such as Polypodium leucotomas and Pycnogenol to protect against the damaging effects of sun exposure and to prevent skin cancer
In cases of pigmentation, topical depigmenting agents such as Oligopeptide34, Oligopeptide51, Oligopeptide53 and Pentapeptide15 together with Arbutin and Kojic acid should be considered. This combination effectively combats melanin production which is responsible for pigmentation. Additional skin ingredients such as copper peptide, epidermal growth factor, insulin growth factor and fibroblast growth factor along with the afore- mentioned peptides should be used. . If these peptides are of no use, then treatments with laser technology and chemical peels need to be considered
Signs of ageing such as wrinkles can be combated with growth factors, peptides and PHAs which improve collagen that effectively reduces wrinkles
Clean skin twice a day. Use a cleanser that does not contain sulphate. If you have oily skin, or acne prone skin, use a cleanser containing salicylic acid
AHAs (alpha hydroxyl acids) and PHAs (poly hydroxyl acids) such as glycolic acid, lactic acid should be used for exfoliation
Photo-ageing can be avoided using Retinaldehyde. Retinaldehyde should not be used during pregnancy
Keep skin well hydrated and moisturized. Hydrated cells function better. Dehydrated cells are prone to infection
 
Suitable aesthetic treatments
Most aesthetic treatments can be safely done on this type without side effects. In general, this skin type has low risk for skin problems such as burns, scarring, skin discoloration, blotching, darkening or lightening of the skin. Hence the skin is ideal for the below mentioned treatments
Botox and fillers
Microdermabrasion
All chemical peels
Laser treatments
Radio frequency treatments
Mesotherapy, and
Derma roller skin needling
 
Treatments to be avoided
Avoid ablative resurfacing treatments,
Erbium Yag laser, and
Phenol peels, as these cause permanent hypo-pigmentation
 
If your diet is deficient in nutrients, the following topical applications may be considered:
Vitamin C for healthier skin and pigmentation problems
Vitamin E against sun damage
Alpha Lipoic acid for healthy glow
Green tea extracts in cases of mild acne, inflammation, and irritation of skin
Aloe Vera in cases of oily skin, rosacea and eczema
Rosemary extracts to soothe the skin
 
Humectants attract water to the skin cells and cause them glow. The following humectants may be used
Colloidal oatmeal
Glycerides
Glycerine
Hyaluronic acid
Propylene glycol
Sodium hyaluronate
Sorbitol urea
 
Emollients add lubrication to the surface and prevent evaporation. The following emollients may be used
Avocado
Acai
Coconut
Olive oil
Mango
Passion fruit
Rosehip oil
Evening primrose oil
 
Occlusives form a barrier on the skin’s surface slowing down the rate of loss of water. The following may be used
Beeswax
Ceramides
Cetyl alcohol
Dimethicone
Grape seed oil
Lecithin
 
The following are some other skin ingredients which can be used to hydrate and moisturize the skin
Aloe Vera
Apricot kernel oil
Borage seed oil
Canola oil
Jojoba oil
Macadamia nut oil
Safflower oil
 
Ingredients to be avoided
In case of pigmentation, products with the following ingredients need to be avoided
Black cohosh
Chaste berry
Genistein
Hops
Oestradiol
Oestrogen
Wild yams
 
In the case of Acne, products with the following ingredients need to be avoided
Butyl stearate
Cinnamon oil
Cocoa butter
Cocus nucifera
Decyl oleate
Isocetyl stearate
Isopropyl isostearate
Isopropyl myristate
Octyl plamitate
Octyl stearate
Peppermint oil
 
In case of Redness and Rosacea, products with the following ingredients need to be avoided
Acetic acid
AHAs
Allantoin
Alpha Lipoic Acid
Balsam of peru
Benzoic acid
Benzoyl Peroxide
Camphor
Cinnamic acid
Cinnamon oil
Cocoa butter
coconut oil
DMAE
Gluconolactone
Isopropyl isostearate
Isopropyl myrisstate

Cleasne regularly

Exfoliate as recommended

Hydrate when possible

Feed orally

Check your skin once a month from head to toe and check for any suspicious growth

Consult your dermatologist once a year

Take special care if you have an adverse family history for skin

When in doubt or for more assistance visit or call us



 
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