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Dark hair
Light Mediterranean, olive looking skin, beige with light brown tint
Skin seldom gets burned
Skin tans with ease
Sun exposure still , causes some damage to the skin and causes uneven skin tone
People with this skin type are still at possible risk to skin cancers
Are prone to uneven pigmentation especially if they are on hormonal therapy such as the oral contraceptive or during pregnancy
Best skin practices
Avoid sun to minimize damage
Especially, avoid sun during the peak hours, that is, 10 am to 4 pm
Use a high SPF 15 sunscreen every day
Always seek shade. When in sun, use SPF 50 sunscreen. Apply once every 2 hours
Take extreme care to avoid UV rays by using sunscreen
Always wear sunglasses, brimmed hats and other protective gear
Use titanium dioxide or zinc oxide to protect against both UVA and UVB rays
Use oral supplements such as Polypodium leucotomas and Pycnogenol to protect against the damaging effects of sun exposure and to prevent skin cancer
In cases of pigmentation, topical depigmenting agents such as Oligopeptide34, Oligopeptide51, Oligopeptide53 and Pentapeptide15 together with Arbutin and Kojic acid should be considered. This combination effectively combats melanin production which is responsible for pigmentation. Additional skin ingredients such as copper peptide, epidermal growth factor, insulin growth factor and fibroblast growth factor along with the afore- mentioned peptides should be used. . If these peptides are of no use, then treatment with laser technology need to be considered
Signs of ageing such as wrinkles can be combated with growth factors, peptides and PHAs which improve collagen that effectively reduces wrinkles
Clean skin twice a day. Use a cleanser that does not contain sulphate. If you have oily skin, or acne prone skin, use a cleanser containing salicylic acid
AHAs (alpha hydroxyl acids) and PHAs (poly hydroxyl acids) such as glycolic acid, lactic acid should be used for exfoliation. Exfoliate twice a week if you have normal or oily skin. Exfoliate once a week if you have sensitive skin or active acne
Photo-ageing can be avoided using Retinaldehyde. Retinaldehyde should not be used during pregnancy
Keep skin well hydrated and moisturized. Hydrated cells function better. Dehydrated cells are prone to infection
Suitable aesthetic treatments
Most aesthetic treatments can be safely done on this type without side effects, provided that it is done by experts. Inflammation generally follows in people of this skin type. Hence, pre-treatment of skin is necessary before any treatment such as laser or chemical peel to avoid hyper-pigmentation or hypo-pigmentation. Nd YAG treatment may be considered as the risks are weighed against potential benefits.
Other factors to be considered are age, area of skin being treated, history of sun exposures, and level of skin damage and treatment goal. Skin discoloration, reduction of fine lines and reduction in wrinkles are generally the treatment goals.
Non-ablative laser treatment such as with Nd YAG can improve the texture of the skin and reduces the uneven skin tone without damaging. This treatment has fewer side effects.
In general this skin type has medium risk for problems such as burns, scarring, lightening or darkening of the skin, blotchiness and skin discoloration.
The following treatments can be performed
Botox and fillers
All chemical peels
Laser treatments
Radio frequency treatments
Mesotherapy, and
Derma roller skin needling
If your diet is deficient in nutrients, the following topical applications may be considered:
Vitamin C for healthier skin and pigmentation problems
Vitamin E against sun damage
Alpha Lipoic acid for healthy glow
Green tea extracts in cases of mild acne, inflammation, and irritation of skin
Aloe Vera in cases of oily skin, rosacea and eczema
Rosemary extracts to soothe the skin
Humectants attract water to the skin cells and cause them glow. The following humectants may be used
Colloidal oatmeal
Hyaluronic acid
Propylene glycol
Sodium hyaluronate
Sorbitol urea
Emollients add lubrication to the surface and prevent evaporation. The following emollients may be used
Olive oil
Passion fruit
Rosehip oil
Evening primrose oil
Occlusives form a barrier on the skin’s surface slowing down the rate of loss of water. The following may be used
Cetyl alcohol
Grape seed oil
The following are some other skin ingredients which can be used to hydrate and moisturize the skin
Aloe Vera
Apricot kernel oil
Borage seed oil
Canola oil
Jojoba oil
Macadamia nut oil
Safflower oil
Ingredients to be avoided
In case of pigmentation, products with the following ingredients need to be avoided
Black cohosh
Chaste berry
Wild yams
In the case of Acne, products with the following ingredients need to be avoided
Butyl stearate
Cinnamon oil
Cocoa butter
Cocus nucifera
Decyl oleate
Isocetyl stearate
Isopropyl isostearate
Isopropyl myristate
Octyl plamitate
Octyl stearate
Peppermint oil
In case of Redness and Rosacea, products with the following ingredients need to be avoided
Acetic acid
Alpha Lipoic Acid
Balsam of peru
Benzoic acid
Benzoyl Peroxide
Cinnamic acid
Cinnamon oil
Cocoa butter
coconut oil
Isopropyl isostearate
Isopropyl myrisstate
Lactic acid
Peppermint oil
Phytic acid
Retinyl palmitate
Cleanse, exfoliate, hydrate and protect your skin regularly. Feed orally. Above all, check your skin once a month from head to toe. Check for any suspicious growth. Consult your dermatologist once a year, and especially so, if you have a family history.

Cleasne regularly

Exfoliate as recommended

Hydrate when possible

Feed orally

Check your skin once a month from head to toe and check for any suspicious growth

Consult your dermatologist once a year

Take special care if you have an adverse family history for skin

When in doubt or for more assistance visit or call us

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